They used canoes as a source of transportation, and since fogyás suffolk megye ny lived by the shores, they went fishing.
They were exceptional farmers; they had a great understanding of how the weather and soil affected the crops. The government that they set up was a participatory democracy and there was an alliance between the tribes.
Each tribe had their own territory and chief that was respected by other tribes. The Lenape who were part of the Shinnecock Tribe practiced record keeping and used wooden tablets, trees, and stones to keep record.
They also used wampum belts to write down important messages. The Europeans admired their friendliness and their skills in mediation. The island's eastern portion was inhabited by speakers of the Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett language group of Algonquian languages; they were part of the Pequot and Narragansett peoples inhabiting the area that now includes Connecticut and Rhode Island.
Inthe English navigator Henry Hudson explored the harbor and purportedly landed at Coney Island. Adriaen Block followed inand is credited as the first European to determine that both Manhattan and Long Island are islands.
Inthe European settlers purchased land from the Indigenous people.
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They split the land amongst themselves and continued to search the island for more land for settlement. Other parts of indigenous land were bought, areas that are now known as Brookhaven, Bellport, and South haven. They thought that the exchange was made for them to share the land.
The white settlers and the indigenous people fogyás suffolk megye ny amicably together for a while. However, some of the white settlers did not trust some of indigenous people. This was done to prevent the Indigenous people from helping their allies in the mainland. They felt pressure to move as they did not fit in with the European culture or religion at the time.
Many of them who stayed behind died from smallpox. It is unclear when the name "Nassau Island" was discontinued. Another indigenous name from colonial time, Paumanok fogyás suffolk megye ny, comes from the Native American name for Long Island and means "the island that pays tribute. The very first European settlements on Long Island were by settlers from England and its colonies in present-day New England.
Lion Gardiner settled nearby Gardiners Island. The first settlement on the geographic Long Island itself was on October 21,when Southold was established by the Rev. John Youngs and settlers from New HavenConnecticut.
Peter Hallock, one of the settlers, drew the long straw and was granted the honor to step ashore first. He is considered the first New World settler on Long Island. Southampton was settled in the same year. Hempstead followed inEast Hampton inHuntington inBrookhaven inand Smithtown in The Old House in Cutchoguebuiltis the oldest English-style house in the state.
While the English eastern region of Long Island was first settled by köpéssel fogysz? English, the western portion of Long Island was settled by the Dutch; untilthe jurisdiction of Long Island was split between the Dutch and English, roughly at fogyás suffolk megye ny present border between Nassau County and Suffolk County.
The Dutch founded six towns in present-day Brooklyn beginning in Settlers throughout Suffolk County pressed to stay part of Connecticut, but Governor Sir Edmund Andros threatened to eliminate the settlers' rights fogyás suffolk megye ny land if they alacsony lány próbál fogyni not yield, which they did by InYorkshire was dissolved and the three original counties on Long Island were established: Kings, Queens, and Suffolk.
The island was a British stronghold until the end of the war in General Washington based his espionage activities on Long Island, due to the western part of the island's proximity to the British military headquarters in New York City. This ring alerted Washington to valuable British secrets, including the treason of Benedict Arnold and a plan to use counterfeiting to induce economic sabotage.
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Long Island's colonists served both Loyalist and Patriot causes, with many prominent families divided among both sides. During the occupation British troops used a number of civilian structures for defense and demanded to be quartered in the homes of civilians. A number of structures from this era remain. Also in existence is a reconstruction of Brooklyn's Old Stone Houseon the site of the Maryland 's celebrated fogyás suffolk megye ny stand during the Battle of Long Island.
Oheka Castlea Gold Coast estate, is the second-largest private residence in fogyás suffolk megye ny country. In the 19th century, Long Island was still mainly rural and devoted to agriculture. The line was completed to the east end of Long Island in as part of a plan for transportation to Boston. Competing railroads soon absorbed by the LIRR were built along the south shore to accommodate travellers from those more populated areas.
For the century from untiltotal population roughly doubled every twenty years, with more dense development in areas near Manhattan.
Until the completion of the Brooklyn Bridgethe only means of travel between Long Island and the rest of the United States was by boat fogyás suffolk megye ny ship.
As other bridges and tunnels were constructed, areas of the island began to be developed as residential suburbs, first around the railroads that offered commuting into the city.
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On January 1,Kings County and portions of Queens were consolidated into the ' City of Greater New York ', abolishing all cities and towns within them. The easternmost square miles km2 of Queens County, which were not part of the consolidation plan,       separated fogyás suffolk megye ny Queens in to form Nassau County. At the close of the 19th century, wealthy industrialists who made vast fortunes during the Gilded Age began to construct large "baronial" country estates in Nassau County communities along the North Shore of Long Island, favoring the many properties with water views.
Proximity to Manhattan attracted such men as J. MorganWilliam K. Vanderbiltand Charles Prattwhose estates led to this area being nicknamed the Gold Coast.
This period and the area was immortalized in fiction, such as F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsbywhich has also been adapted in films. Shea Stadium can be seen in the background fogyás suffolk megye ny the upper left.
Charles Lindbergh fogyás suffolk megye ny off from Roosevelt Field with his Spirit of Saint Louis for his historic solo flight to Europe, one of the events that helped to establish Long Island as an early center of aviation during the 20th Century. Other famous aviators such as Wiley Post originated notable flights from Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, which became the first major airport serving New York City before it was superseded by the opening of La Guardia Airport in Aircraft production on Long Island extended all the fogyás suffolk megye ny into the Space Age — Grumman was one of the major contractors that helped to build the early lunar flight and space shuttle vehicles.
Although the aircraft companies eventually ended their Long Island operations and the early airports were all later closed — Roosevelt Field, for instance, became the site of a major shopping mall — the Cradle fogyás suffolk megye ny Aviation Museum on the site of the former Mitchel Field documents the Island's key role in the history of aviation. From the s to the s, Long Island began fogyás suffolk megye ny transformation from backwoods and farms as developers created numerous suburbs.
Robert Moses engineered various automobile parkway projects to span the island, and developed beaches and state parks for the enjoyment of residents and visitors from the city. Gradually, development also followed these parkways, with various communities springing up along the more traveled routes. Second and third-generation children of immigrants moved out to eastern Long Island to settle in new housing developments built during the post-war boom.
Levittown became noted as a suburb, where housing construction was fogyás suffolk megye ny to be produced on a large scale. These provided opportunities for white World War Fogyás suffolk megye ny military veterans returning home to buy houses and start a family.
At a height of feet, it is currently the second tallest building on Long Island. Satellite imagery showing the New York metropolitan area at night.
Long Island is highly developed and densely populated, extending approximately miles km hogyan lehet fogyni 41 nap alatt from the central core of Manhattan. By the start of the 21st century, a number of Long Island communities had converted their assets from industrial uses to post-industrial roles.
Brooklyn reversed decades of population decline and factory closings to resurface as a globally renowned cultural and intellectual hotbed. Gentrification has affected much of Brooklyn and a portion of Queens, relocating a sizeable swath of New York City's population. On eastern Long Island, such villages as Port JeffersonPatchogueand Riverhead have been changed from inactive shipbuilding and mill towns into tourist-centric commercial centers with cultural attractions.
The descendants of late 19th and early 20th-century immigrants from southern and eastern Europeand black migrants from the South, have been followed by more recent immigrants from Asia and Latin America. Long Island has many ethnic IrishJewsand Italiansas well as an increasing numbers of Asians and Hispanicsreflecting later migrations. The central and eastern portions contain the suburban Nassau and Suffolk Counties. However, colloquial usage of the term "Long Island" usually refers only to Nassau and Suffolk Counties.
Maine that Long Island is legally not an island, because New York State's boundaries contained its offshore soil and seabeds. While affluent overall, Nassau County has pockets of more pronounced wealth with estates covering greater acreage within the Gold Coast of the North Shore and the Five Towns area on the South Shore. South Shore communities are built along protected wetlands of the island and contain white sandy beaches of Outer Barrier Islands fronting on the Atlantic Ocean.
Dutch and English settlers from the time before the American Revolutionary Waras well as communities of Native Americans, populated the island. The 19th century saw the infusion of the wealthiest Americans in the so-called Gold Coast hasi zsírvesztés előrehaladása the North Shorewhere wealthy Americans and Europeans in the Gilded Age built lavish country homes.
In its easternmost sections, Suffolk County remains semi-rural, as in Greenport on the North Fork and some of the periphery of the area prominently known as The Hamptonsalthough summer tourism swells the population in those areas. The Pine Barrens is a preserved pine forest encompassing much of eastern Suffolk County.
The fogyás suffolk megye ny of Long Island, Manhattan, and the continental mainland Geology[ edit ] A detailed geomorphological study of Long Island provides evidence of glacial history of the fogyás suffolk megye ny and terminal moraines of the island which were formed by the advance and retreat of two ice sheets.
These moraines consist of gravel and loose rock left behind during the two most recent pulses of Wisconsin glaciation during the ice ages some 21, years ago 19, BC. The northern moraine, which directly abuts the North Shore of Long Island at points, is known as the Harbor Hill moraine.